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What Is Employee Health and Wellbeing?

Employee health and wellbeing refers to the overall physical, mental, and emotional state of employees within an organisation. It is an essential aspect of a company's performance and can have a significant impact on employee satisfaction, productivity, and organisational success.

The importance of employee health and wellbeing in the workplace has been widely recognised by researchers and organisations worldwide. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), promoting employee health and wellbeing can lead to better job satisfaction, reduced absenteeism and turnover rates, and increased productivity (WHO, 2010). Additionally, research has shown that companies that prioritize employee health and wellbeing tend to have higher levels of employee engagement and overall organisational performance (Deloitte, 2019).

One way that organisations can promote employee health and wellbeing is by implementing workplace health promotion programs. These programs can include a range of activities such as health education, physical activity programs, healthy food options, and stress management programs. Research has shown that workplace health promotion programs can improve employee health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs (Merrill, et al., 2018).

Another important aspect of promoting employee health and wellbeing is creating a positive work environment. This can involve ensuring that employees have access to resources such as flexible work arrangements, employee assistance programs, and mental health support. Additionally, promoting work-life balance and reducing job stress can also have a positive impact on employee health and wellbeing (Lamontagne, et al., 2016).

Organisations can also play a role in supporting employees' physical health. This can involve providing access to fitness facilities or promoting physical activity during the workday. Additionally, ensuring that employees have access to healthy food options and promoting healthy lifestyle choices can also contribute to better physical health outcomes (Barnes, et al., 2018).

Mental health is also a critical aspect of employee health and wellbeing. Research has shown that mental health problems such as anxiety and depression can have a significant impact on workplace productivity and employee satisfaction (Harvey, et al., 2017).

Organisations can promote mental health in the workplace by providing mental health support services such as counselling or therapy. Additionally, promoting a supportive work environment and reducing stigma around mental health can also contribute to better mental health outcomes for employees (Fitzpatrick, et al., 2019).

Employee health and wellbeing is a crucial aspect of organisational success. Promoting employee health and wellbeing can lead to better employee satisfaction, productivity, and overall organisational performance.

Organisations can promote employee health and wellbeing by implementing workplace health promotion programs, creating a positive work environment, supporting employees' physical health, and promoting mental health in the workplace. By prioritising employee health and wellbeing, organisations can create a culture of health and wellness that benefits both employees and the organisation as a whole.


Barnes, A. S., et al. (2018). The effect of healthy eating on employee productivity: Evidence from a large urban school district. American Journal of Health Promotion, 32(7), 1545-1552.

Deloitte. (2019). Deloitte Global Human Capital Trends 2019. Retrieved from

Fitzpatrick, K. M., et al. (2019). Reducing stigma toward mental health disorders in the workplace: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24(1), 1-17.

Harvey, S. B., et al. (2017). The relationship between anxiety and depression and workplace productivity. Journal of Affective Disorders, 221, 56-65.

Lamontagne, A. D., et al. (2016). Workplace mental health: Developing an integrated intervention approach. BMC Psychiatry,

What is employee health and wellbeing?

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